Introduction to Apache httpd

Introduction to Apache httpd

Apache httpd is the world’s leading Web server software. In this course, attendees learn how to set up, configure, administer, and secure Apache httpd 2.4, 2.2, or 2.0.



  • To learn how to build, configure, monitor, and tune Apache httpd 2.4, 2.2, or 2.0
  • To master deploying Web sites and server-side applications to Apache httpd
  • To discover how to secure applications running on Apache httpd


All attendees should be familiar with general principles of Web server administration.


All Apache httpd training students receive a copy of Apress’ Pro Apache and related courseware.


  • At least 3GB RAM and 10GB hard drive space
  • The latest version of VMware Player Plus, Workstation, or Fusion
  • An unzipped copy of the virtual machine Accelebrate provides
  • For classes delivered online, all participants need either dual monitors or a separate device logged into the online session so that they can do their work on one screen and watch the instructor on the other. A separate computer connected to a projector or large screen TV would be another way for students to see the instructor’s screen simultaneously with working on their own.


  • Introduction
  • Downloading and installing Apache server
    • Downloading
    • Building Apache httpd from source
      • Why build from source?
      • Downloading the source
      • Choosing an MPM
      • Setting configuration options
      • Selecting modules to enable/disable
    • Installing Apache httpd from a package (the package environment used would be set based on your platform)
  • Starting, Stopping, and Restarting Apache HTTP
  • Configuration with httpd.conf
    • Directives, containers, and comments
    • Container scopes
    • Options
    • Determining which module is supplying the given directive
    • Determining where a directive is valid
  • Setting up virtual hosts
    • IP-based
    • Name-based
    • Port-based
    • Running several Apache daemons simultaneously
  • Handling service of MIME and file types
  • mod_alias
    • Alias and AliasMatch
    • Redirect and RedirectMatch
      • Understanding various redirect http status codes
    • ScriptAlias and ScriptAliasMatch
  • Directory indexing
    • Controlling IndexOptions
    • Controlling headers and footers
    • Excluding files from indexing
    • Security issues
  • mod_rewrite
    • Regular expressions primer (if needed)
    • Why rewrite URLs?
    • Turning on the rewrite engine
    • Configuring mod_rewrite logging
    • RewriteRule and RewriteCond
    • Common URL rewriting tasks
      • Redirecting http requests to https
      • Mapping URL pieces to query string parameters
      • Filtering requests by IP
      • Other common rewriting tasks
  • Performance tuning and load testing
    • Monitoring Apache httpd with mod_status
    • Building Apache with just the modules you need
    • Tuning your specific MPM
    • Load testing with ab
    • Load testing with JMeter
    • Caching and proxying
    • Other performance enhancement strategies
  • Logging and Troubleshooting
    • Error logging and interpreting the error logs
    • Access logs and interpreting your access logs
    • Log rotation
    • Apache httpd troubleshooting for crashes, freezes, errors, and other situations
    • Apache httpd tracing
  • Handlers and filters
  • Working with SSIs (server-side includes)
  • Managing applications on Apache (only the application platforms applicable to your environment would be taught)
    • Perl and mod_perl
    • PHP
    • Java (running on Apache Tomcat or another application server behind Apache httpd)
  • Basics of Apache security
    • Items to consider when creating a strategy
    • Understanding file permissions
    • Limiting modules and extensions
    • SSI and .htaccess settings
    • Writing safer scripts
  • Fundamentals of authentication and authorization
    • Basic authentication
    • Digest authentication
    • Database authentication modules
    • Access control
    • LDAP authentication
  • SSL with mod_ssl
    • Building Apache with SSL support
    • Generating a certificate signing request
    • Protecting your server’s private key
    • Installing a certificate
    • Generating a self-signed certificate for testing purposes
    • Requiring SSL for specific URLs
  • Other topics upon request
  • Conclusion

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Introduction to Apache httpd

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  • Course No : SRV-120
  •  Theory : 40%
  •  Lab : 60%
  • Duration : 12 hours
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